Title of symposium:
Integrating perspectives to address social-ecological challenges in conservation

Rachel Friedman, PhD Candidate, University of Queensland
Janice Lee, Assistant Professor, Nanyang Technical University
Roman Carrasco, Assistant Professor, National University of Singapore

List of speakers and presentation titles:
Janice Lee, Assistant Professor, Nanyang Technical University
Title: Evaluating the social and ecological factors behind the 2015 extreme fire event in Sumatra, Indonesia

Kerrie Wilson, Professor, University of Queensland Title: Taking a multi-dimensional approach to human-wellbeing - impacts of community forest management in Indonesian Borneo

Andini Desita Ekaputri, University of Hawai'i Mānoa Title: Towards sustainability: Indonesian smallholder inclusion in palm oil certification systems

Freya St John, Bangor University Title: Intention to kill: Tolerance and illegal persecution of Sumatran tigers and sympatric species

Peni Lestari, Socioeconomic Specialist, Wildlife Conservation Society (WCS) Title: Exploring the social-ecological system interaction of sharks fisheries: A case study of shark fisheries in Tanjung Luar, East Lombok, Indonesia

Symposium Summary
Conservation is increasingly recognized as both an ecological and social challenge, requiring joint consideration for human needs and well-being and protection of habitat, species, and natural resources. Particularly in tropical landscapes, where there are high levels of both biodiversity and human pressure from extractive industries and agriculture, pursuing conservation inherently involves people - their use of and dependence on natural resources, culture and knowledge tied to ecosystems, and policies or institutions governing the management and protection of habitat and species. Moreover, where people are involved, there are often divergent perspectives and interests at play, which can influence what conservation actions take place, where, by whom, and how successfully. Therefore, understanding not only human or ecological systems, but the complex interactions between them is essential. Adopting a social-ecological framing facilitates understanding these connections; yet the approach or perspective taken within this framing, also influences our understanding of the social-ecological interactions.

Through this symposium, speakers highlight different ways of examining social and ecological interactions in different cases across Indonesia. This symposium brings together researchers and practitioners who have taken different approaches within tropical terrestrial and marine social-ecological systems (with a particular focus on Indonesia) in regards to conservation issues. These cases will facilitate reflection on how different backgrounds, methodologies, stakeholders, scales, etc. might shift the objectives or outcomes of research and practice and where there may be trade-offs, synergies, or gaps.